What is

Kinesiology therapy is defined as movement therapy based on exercises using a range of techniques and methods, depending on the patient and the pathology. It is also known as medical gymnastics or rehabilitation gymnastics and involves a set of programmes, techniques and principles that address the human body for prophylactic, therapeutic, rehabilitative and compensatory purposes.

How to apply?

After examining and assessing the patient from a motor and muscular point of view, the appropriate exercise programme is chosen to stimulate the patient’s muscles if his motor skills have been affected by an illness or accident. The aim of the exercises is to regain muscle strength and capacity for exertion, muscle control and balance as well as improving the connection between brain and muscles. If a muscle is irreversibly damaged, the aim is to train other muscles to take over part of the functions of the affected one. The individualisation of treatment depends on its diversity, the variety of conditions and surgical interventions, the way the body reacts to treatment. Kinesiotherapy uses movement as a therapy to restore certain functions of the body and to regulate the imbalance present in the body. Through physiotherapy, the body’s adaptive resources are stimulated through controlled and well-dosed exercise stress.
The main objectives of physiotherapy are:
-Restoring joint and muscle mobility.
-Inducing muscle relaxation is essential to improve control over body functions and to correct involuntary movements (occurring as a symptom of disease or as a result of trauma).
-Reeducation of sensitivity with physical exercises that increase reactions to stimuli.
-Correcting the posture in the chair, as well as while walking, through muscle toning exercises and realignment of body parts (arms, legs, torso, back).
-Education and re-education of coordination, control and balance by improving reflexes.
-Respiratory retraining to allow muscle relaxation.
-Improved muscular strength and endurance

What conditions does it treat?

Kinesiotherapy is successfully used to treat the following conditions:
Orthopaedic-traumatic conditions (orthopaedic operations, dislocations, sprains, scoliosis, lordosis, kyphosis, back pain, paralysis, carpal tunnel syndrome, temporomandibular problems, sports fractures, etc.) – The objective is to recover mobility and strength.
Cardiovascular and pulmonary diseases – Especially recommended before and after heart/lung surgery (e.g. coronary artery bypass) but also after heart attack, obstructive lung disease or pulmonary fibrosis. The goal is to regain cardiovascular/pulmonary capacity (the heart must pump enough blood for normal organ function and the lungs must filter enough oxygen to allow the heart and other organs to function).
Geriatric conditions (from arthritis to osteoporosis, cancer, Alzheimer’s, hip dislocations, balance recovery, urinary incontinence, etc.) are especially applicable to the elderly and kinesitherapy helps them to go through this stage of life with dignity.
Neurological conditions (Post-stroke, chronic back pain caused by nerve damage, herniated disc, multiple sclerosis, damage to parts of the brain, Parkinson’s disease and other neurodegenerative conditions, facial paralysis or spinal injury) – As often such health problems are accompanied by loss of vision, balance and muscle functionality, medical exercises will focus on these aspects to achieve independence.
Paediatric conditions (congenital, developmental, neuromuscular or as a result of disease) – Kinesiology therapy here focuses on improving motor skills and balance as well as increasing muscle functionality and endurance (in some cases, medical exercises also aid sensory or cognitive recovery).
Women’s health – Kinesiology therapy is for those with problems such as osteoporosis, pelvic pain, prenatal and postnatal period, swelling of the hands or feet, urinary incontinence.
Sports problems – For athletes, physiotherapy has several functions, being beneficial in recovery after injury or in preventing injury by educating athletes.


Kinesiotherapy helps to restore impaired function by medical rehabilitation programmes well structured and individualised.
Reduces or eliminates pain and inflammation
Restores joint amplitude in all angles of movement
Regain necessary muscle strength
Improves mobility
Increases muscle mass
Helps neuromuscular rehabilitation
It plays a role in regaining balance
Increases endurance
Corrects posture and body alignment
Improves muscle tone
Recovers strength of damaged muscles and maintains strength of unaffected muscles
Helps recovery after a stroke or heart attack
Helps recovery from arthritis or osteoporosis
Treats nutritional deficiencies
Treats nervous disorders
Improves learning skills
Very effective in respiratory retraining
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